cli reference manual

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cli reference manual

We’re here to help! For more details, please read our We are excited that you have joined the group. You will receive your first welcome message soon. It will describe the email program and what to expect in the upcoming weeks. Enjoy. Therefore, some commands have Supplemental Information sections below the CLI syntax that dive into a little extra detail. The CLI displays an error message if you attempt to enter a command or option that is not available.For example, low-end FortiGate models do not support the aggregate interface type option of the config system interface command. The CLI Reference includes commands only available for FortiWiFi units, FortiOS Carrier, and FortiGate Voice units. This is a departure from previous versions of the CLI Reference, which used the following criteria: Therefore, some commands have Supplemental Information sections below the CLI syntax that dive into a little extra detail. The CLI displays an error message if you attempt to enter a command or option that is not available.For example, low-end FortiGate models do not support the aggregate interface type option of the config system interface command. The CLI Reference includes commands only available for FortiWiFi units, FortiOS Carrier, and FortiGate Voice units. This is a departure from previous versions of the CLI Reference, which used the following criteria. Use the CLI to play with OpenThread, which can also be used with additional application code. The OpenThread test scripts use the CLI to execute test cases. For those cases the backslash character ( '\' ) can be used to escape separators or the backslash itself. Done. Test Network. DoneBBR Primary:Done. BBR Primary: None. Done Without meshLocalIid, simply respond any coming DUA.req next with the specified status. Done Done. DoneDone Done. Done Disabled. Done. Primary. Secondary. Done Done Done Done Done. Done Done Done Done Done Done Done The id may be a Child ID or an RLOC16. Child ID: 1. Rloc: 9c01.

Ext Addr: e2b3540590b0fd87. Mode: rsn. Net Data: 184. Timeout: 100. Age: 0. Link Quality In: 3Done Done Done Done Done Done TxTotal: 10RxTotal: 2Done. Role Disabled: 0. Role Detached: 1. Role Child: 0. Role Router: 0. Role Leader: 1. Attach Attempts: 1. Partition Id Changes: 1. Better Partition Attach Attempts: 0. Parent Changes: 0. Done Done. Done Channel: 11. Period: 1000 (in units of 10 symbols), 160ms. Timeout: 1000s. Done Done Disable CSL by setting this parameter to 0. Done Done Network Time: 21084154us (synchronized). Time Sync Period: 100s. XTAL Threshold: 300ppm. Done Done If no channel is provided, the discovery will cover all valid channels. The latter two parameters have following default values: Thread. Done Done Done Done Done Done Done Done Use pskc to reset. Done Done Done Done Done Done Done Done Done Done Done Done Done Done Disabled. Done Done Done Done Done Done Done Partition ID: 1077744240. Weighting: 64. Data Version: 109. Stable Data Version: 211. Leader Router ID: 60. Done Done Done Done Done Done DoneDoneDoneDone Done Done Done Done. Error 23: NotFound Done Done Done Ext Address: ' 0e336e1c41494e1c '. Rloc16: 0x0c00. Leader Data:Done. Ext Address: ' 0e336e1c41494e1c '. Ext Address: ' 3efcdb7e3f9eb0f2 '. Rloc16: 0x1800. Done Done Done OpenThread. Done Use pskc to reset. Done Done Done Returning cached information is necessary to support the Thread Test Harness - Test Scenario 8.2.x requests the former parent (i.e. Joiner Router's) MAC address even if the device has already promoted to a router. Ext Addr: be1857c6c21dce55. Rloc: 5c00. Link Quality In: 3. Link Quality Out: 3. Age: 20. Done Done The value may have fractional form, for example 0.5. Done Only for certification test Only for certification test. Done Done Note: For the Thread 1.2 border router with backbone capability, the local Domain Prefix would be listed as well (with flag D ), with preceeding - if backbone functionality is disabled. Done Done Done Disabled.

Done Done Done Done Done Done Done Done Done The id may be a Router ID or an RLOC16. Alloc: 1. Router ID: 50. Rloc: c800. Next Hop: c800. Link: 1. Cost: 0. Age: 3. Age: 7. Done Done Enabled. Done Done Done Done Done If no channel is provided, the active scan will cover all valid channels. Done The latter two parameters have following default values: Done Done Done Done Done Done Done Done Done Done Done Done Address Mode: WhitelistRssIn List:Default rss: -50 (lqi 3). Done WhitelistDone Done Done Done Done. Done Done Done Default rss: -50 (lqi 3). Done Equivalent with 'filter rss add' with similar usage. Done Done Go diagnostics module for more information. Each change in service registration must be sent to leader by netdataregister command before taking effect. Done. DoneDone Reload to refresh your session. Reload to refresh your session. The Azure CLI is available across Azure services and is designed to get you working quickly with Azure, with an emphasis on automation. This utility can: A program or shell script that calls This command takes parameters that can specify various These command takes the same parameters. This command will cause ADSL PHY to In this modem ADSL PHY will not Specified as a hexadecimal Specified as a hexadecimal Exit codes of 100 After about 20 seconds of BERT running This utility can: A program or shell script that calls Default value is Default value UTOPIA address. Only used if type is utopia. Sustainable Cell Rate (SCR) if type requires it mbs.

Maximum Burst Size (MBS) if type requires it The show option displays Exit codes of 100 These individual networks are bundled into one bigger The network interface corresponding The network Also, when sending frames After seconds The priority value The bridge with the lowest This metric is used in the designated port and root If your bridge isn't If you turn this option off, please know what you A PPPoA or PPPoE interface will always retrieve This command will save configuration Ipaddress is optional if the default If the default gateway is If there are multiple WAN interfaces The system needs to be rebooted Disk space is shown in 1 kb blocks by default. This utility A program or shell script that calls Notice: the command saves The value of range start The value of range end must The filename contains the The file must be a valid image file for This utility can: A program or shell script that calls Notice: the command only saves It?s optional and can be omitted. Echo can be used to display files After that, it is usually Otherwise, it configures This is usually a driver name followed by a unit It is implicitly specified If selected, all If selected, all multicast packets This value defaults to the usual Not all devices can dynamically Only a few Otherwise, Hardware classes This should not normally be needed It is useful to set The TERM signal will kill For other processes, it may be necessary This utility can: Only public IP address DHCP server A program or shell script that calls Valid values: any valid IP address. Default value: 192.168.1.1. Valid values: 0.0.0.1 - 255.255.255.255. Default value: 255.255.255.0 Valid values: enable or disable. Default value is enable for the primary LAN interface. If it is omitted, all LAN interfaces are displayed. After logout command is executed, Hit return to see a new Login prompt.

Ppp command brings up the ppp connection The output consists of six columns: The options are enable, Once this command Its primary use is to set up static Target address Otherwise, command will This usually means If you specify It does not support multiple Before using this command, the ATM PVC of which A program or shell script that calls Note that special characters are supported Notice: the command only Notice: the command only saves the configuration Valid values: 0. Valid values: 0 - 255. Default value: 0 Valid values: 32 - 65535. Default value: 35. PPPoE and PPPoA If this option is used and the dhcpclient In general Valid values: any valid IP address. Valid values: 0.0.0.1 - 255.255.255.255. This option is only valid to Valid values: 0. Valid values: 0 - 255. Default value: 35. Valid values: 0. Valid values: 0 - 255. Default value: 35 Notice, configuration needs to be saved If it is obmitted then the help for all protocols is diplayed. Please upgrade your browser to improve your experience. If you're looking for details about how to run searches from the CLI, see About CLI searches in the Search Reference.Most actions require you to have Splunk admin privileges. Read more about setting up and managing Splunk users and roles in the About users and roles topic in the Admin Manual. An object is something you perform an action on. Run splunk envvars to see which environment variables are set.Must be invoked at the master.Must be invoked at the master.This displays files and directories currently or recently monitored by splunkd for change.The master rearranges the primary peers for buckets, and fixes up the cluster state in case the enforce-counts flag is set.To reload all indexes, do not include an index name.From the master node, run this command:Use rtsearch exactly as you use the traditional search command.Triggers an asynchronous search and displays the job id and ttl for the search.

For information about how to export search results with the CLI, as well as information about the other export methods offered by Splunk Enterprise, see Export search results in the Search Manual.Invoke these tools using the CLI command cmd:Ask a question or make a suggestion.We also use these cookies to improve our products and services, support our marketing campaigns, and advertise to you on our website and other websites. Some cookies may continue to collect information after you have left our website. It can be utilized as aThis option controls, for example, whether you will beExplicitly enabling coloring overridesThis is useful to implementList available fieldsIt is basicallyThe values are printed one per lineThis optionYou can also getThis is the default action, whenWith no arguments, this prints currentlyWhen you pass a hostname, it will be handed over toThe hostname is stored. For example,The optional check If no arguments areWatches for changesThe additionalWithout a parameter, allWhen --active option is specified, onlyThe connections can be ordered by active statusThe default sorting order is equivalent toThe category namesBy default, both staticFor static configuration, useFor active data use GENERAL, IP4, DHCP4, IP6,The connection is identified by its name, UUID orYou can giveEach line of the file should contain oneWhen NetworkManager requires a password and it isMultiple connections can be passed to theNote that the deactivating connection profile isHence it will not autoconnectIf you want toThe syntax isNot providing anThe editor indicates what settings andIt can be changed later in the editor.

If ID is ambiguous, a keywordThe new connection will be the exactThe connection to be deleted isIf ID is ambiguous, aThis command prints a line wheneverThe connection to be monitored is identifiedIf ID is ambiguous, a keywordThe commandIf you want to monitorThe configuration isA proper VPN plugin hasWithout an argument, allTo get information for a specific device, the interfaceIt will also consider connections that are not set toThis differentiatesThe changes are not preserved in the connection profile. Please note that someNote that disconnectingThis command prints a line whenever theThe monitorIf you want to monitor deviceThe ifname andThe commandOtherwise the connection is system-wide, which isOtherwise the SSID would not be found and theThe command creates a hotspot connection profileIf not provided, nmcli willThe password is either WPA pre-shared key or WEPIt is useful especially when the password wasNetworkManager scans Wi-Fi networks periodically, butYou can provideThe ifname option can beThe protocol must be enabledHowever, you may find the command usefulYou do not usually need this command, because nmcli canThis is important to realize especiallyIf you want evenAs a result, no connection will automaticallyNext time, it is better toPrints the hotspot passwordThe sharing will be activeThe address will be removedThe connection willAs new options get added, these abbreviations are not guaranteedIf you find a bug, please report it to your distributionHosted by Red Hat. Terraform is only a single command-line application: terraform. This application. The complete list of subcommandsIn erroneous cases,It also responds to -h and --help as you'dThe available commands for execution are listed below.

The most common, useful commands are shown first, followed byIf you're just gettingCommon commands:All other commands:Global options (use these before the subcommand, if any):If the path given isThe typical program that canTo allow that, Terraform supports a global optionThis means that any filesAn anonymous ID is sent which helps de-duplicate warningThe following checkpoint-related settings areThis allows Terraform to check. Please consider upgrading to the latest version of your browser by clicking one of the following links. The manual has a subset of supported commands for the product.Please do not enter contact information. If you require a response, contact support. Not a business, but still want to access a secure connection. Try our consumer VPN, Private Tunnel.Connect with our Customer Success and Support team by creating a ticket.Because OpenVPN tries to be a universal VPN tool offering a great deal of flexibility, there are a lot of options on this manual page. If you’re new to OpenVPN, you might want to skip ahead to the examples section where you will see how to construct simple VPNs on the command line without even needing a configuration file. By default, OpenVPN runs in point-to-point mode (“p2p”). OpenVPN 2.0 introduces a new mode (“server”) which implements a multi-client server capability. If specified, OpenVPN will bind to this address only. If unspecified, OpenVPN will bind to all interfaces. Note that at any given time, the OpenVPN client will at most be connected to one server. This could cause the client to exit with a fatal error. This requirement for authentication is binding on all potential peers, even those from known and supposedly trusted IP addresses (it is very easy to forge a source IP address on a UDP packet). For example, “foo.bar.gov” would be modified to “.foo.bar.gov”. Client connection profiles are groups of OpenVPN options that describe how to connect to a given OpenVPN server.

Client connection profiles are specified within an OpenVPN configuration file, and each profile is bracketed by and. An OpenVPN client will try each connection profile sequentially until it achieves a successful connection. If any of the above options (with the exception of remote ) appear outside of a block, but in a configuration file which has one or more blocks, the option setting will be used as a default for blocks which follow it in the configuration file. The effect would be as if nobind were declared in all blocks below it. A peer started with tcp-server will wait indefinitely for an incoming connection. Both TCP client and server will simulate a SIGUSR1 restart signal if either side resets the connection. In comparison with UDP, TCP will usually be somewhat less efficient and less robust when used over unreliable or congested networks. Repeated reconnection attempts are slowed down after 5 retries per remote by doubling the wait time after each unsuccessful attempt. Specifying n as one would try each entry exactly once.Currently, only Windows clients support this option. If HTTP Proxy-Authenticate is required, authfile is a file containing a username and password on 2 lines, or “stdin” to prompt from console.This flag exists on OpenVPN 2.1 or higher. Repeat to set multiple options.The script will be run every time the remote peer changes its IP address. OpenVPN will then reestablish a connection with its most recently authenticated peer on its new IP address. The current default of 1194 represents the official IANA port number assignment for OpenVPN and has been used since version 2.0-beta17. Previous versions used port 5000 as the default. The IP stack will allocate a dynamic port for returning packets.You cannot mix them, as they represent different underlying network layers. This directive can also be manually pushed to clients.This is designed to allow point-to-point semantics when some or all of the connecting clients might be Windows systems.

This is the default on OpenVPN 2.0. This mode allocates a single IP address per connecting client. This mode allocates a single IP address per connecting client and works on Windows as well. When used on Windows, requires version 8.2 or higher of the TAP-Win32 driver.Under Mac OS X this option can be used to specify the default tun implementation.Only applied to TAP devices. May be used in order to execute OpenVPN in unprivileged environment. For TUN devices in point-to-point mode, rn is the IP address of the remote VPN endpoint. The IP addresses may be consecutive and should have their order reversed on the remote peer. After the VPN is established, by pinging rn, you will be pinging across the VPN. If you are attempting to connect to a remote ethernet bridge, the IP address and subnet should be set to values which would be valid on the the bridged ethernet segment (note also that DHCP can be used for the same purpose). Multiple routes can be specified.If dhcp is specified as the parameter, the gateway address will be extracted from a DHCP negotiation with the OpenVPN server-side LAN. If n is 0, routes will be added immediately upon connection establishment. The delay will give the DHCP handshake time to complete before routes are added. This is a client-side option.This option performs three steps. This is done so that (3) will not create a routing loop. The local flag will cause step 1 above to be omitted. This is accomplished by routing the local LAN (except for the LAN gateway address) into the tunnel. It’s best not to set this parameter unless you know what you’re doing. Useful when pushing private subnets. In most cases, you will probably want to leave this parameter set to its default value.The MTU (Maximum Transmission Units) is the maximum datagram size in bytes that can be sent unfragmented over a particular network path. OpenVPN requires that packets on the control or data channels be sent unfragmented.

This parameter defaults to 0, which is sufficient for most TUN devices. TAP devices may introduce additional overhead in excess of the MTU size, and a setting of 32 is the default when TAP devices are used. This parameter only controls internal OpenVPN buffer sizing, so there is no transmission overhead associated with using a larger value. OpenVPN will send ping packets of various sizes to the remote peer and measure the largest packets which were successfully received.It is only meant as a last resort when path MTU discovery is broken. Using this option is less efficient than fixing path MTU discovery for your IP link and using native IP fragmentation instead. The default value is 1450. Default value of 1450 allows IPv4 packets to be transmitted over a link with MTU 1473 or higher without IP level fragmentation. Defaults to operation system default. Defaults to operation system default. The mark value can be matched in policy routing and packetfilter rules. This option is only supported in Linux and does nothing on other operating systems. This can result in a considerably improvement in latency. Currently defaults to 100. Note that this will only work if mode is set to p2p.The time length of inactivity is measured since the last incoming or outgoing tunnel packet.The periodic ping will ensure that a stateful firewall rule which allows OpenVPN UDP packets to pass will not time out. Note also in server mode that any internally generated signal which would normally cause a restart, will cause the deletion of the client instance object instead. If used on both server and client, the values pushed from server will override the client local values. This ensures that a timeout is detected on client side before the server side drops the connection. Normally if you drop root privileges in OpenVPN, the daemon cannot be restarted since it will now be unable to re-read protected key files. In this context, the last command line parameter passed to the script will be init.

Also, the example will run indefinitely, so you should abort with control-c). Having said that, there are valid reasons for wanting new software features to gracefully degrade when encountered by older software versions. To do this, prepend the following before the directive: setenv opt Having said that, there are valid reasons for wanting new software features to gracefully degrade when encountered by older software versions. Lower level values are more restrictive, higher values are more permissive. Settings for level: 0 — Strictly no calling of external programs. 1 — (Default) Only call built-in executables such as ifconfig, ip, route, or netsh. 2 — Allow calling of built-in executables and user-defined scripts. 3 — Allow passwords to be passed to scripts via environmental variables (potentially unsafe).OpenVPN releases before v2.3 also supported a method flag which indicated how OpenVPN should call external commands and scripts. This could be either execve or system. As of OpenVPN 2.3, this flag is no longer accepted. In these cases make sure the script name does not contain any spaces or the configuration parser will choke because it can’t determine where the script name ends and script options start.To run scripts in Windows in earlier OpenVPN versions you needed to either add a full path to the script interpreter which can parse the script or use the system flag to run these scripts. As of OpenVPN 2.3 it is now a strict requirement to have full path to the script interpreter when running non-executables files. This is not needed for executable files, such as.exe,.com,.bat or.cmd files. For example, if you have a Visual Basic script, you must use this syntax now: Use of this option is discouraged, but is provided as a temporary fix in situations where a recent version of OpenVPN must connect to an old version. This option is useful to protect the system in the event that some hostile party was able to gain control of an OpenVPN session.

Though OpenVPN’s security features make this unlikely, it is provided as a second line of defense.By setting user to nobody or somebody similarly unprivileged, the hostile party would be limited in what damage they could cause. Of course once you take away privileges, you cannot return them to an OpenVPN session.OpenVPN will therefore be unable to access any files outside this tree. This can be desirable from a security standpoint.Since the chroot operation is delayed until after initialization, most OpenVPN options that reference files will operate in a pre-chroot context. This is because SSL libraries occasionally need to collect fresh random.This can be useful in linking OpenVPN messages in the syslog file with specific tunnels. When unspecified, progname defaults to “openvpn”. This means that initialization scripts can test the return status of the openvpn command for a fairly reliable indication of whether the command has correctly initialized and entered the packet forwarding event loop. The default is wait. The nowait mode can be used to instantiate the OpenVPN daemon as a classic TCP server, where client connection requests are serviced on a single port number. For additional information on this kind of configuration, see the OpenVPN FAQ. See the OpenVPN 1.x HOWTO for an example on using OpenVPN with xinetd. If file already exists it will be truncated. Note that on Windows, when OpenVPN is started as a service, logging occurs by default without the need to specify this option. If file does not exist, it will be created.In particular, this applies to log messages sent to stdout. In particular, this applies to log messages sent to stdout. The purpose of such a call would normally be to block until the device or socket is ready to accept the write.This option will add some extra lookups to the packet path to ensure that the UDP reply packets are always sent from the address that the client is talking to.

This is not supported on all platforms, and it adds more processing, so it’s not enabled by default.Note: this option is only relevant for UDP servers. By default, no remapping occurs. Each level shows all info from the previous levels.The client list contains the following fields comma-separated: Common Name, Real Address, Bytes Received, Bytes Sent, Connected Since. 2 — a more reliable format for external processing. Compared to version 1, the client list contains some additional fields: Virtual Address, Virtual IPv6 Address, Username, Client ID, Peer ID. Future versions may extend the number of fields. 3 — identical to 2, but fields are tab-separated. This is useful to limit repetitive logging of similar message types. LZO and LZ4 are different compression algorithms, with LZ4 generally offering the best performance with least CPU usage.Adaptive compression tries to optimize the case where you have compression enabled, but you are sending predominantly incompressible (or pre-compressed) packets over the tunnel, such as an FTP or rsync transfer of a large, compressed file. With adaptive compression, OpenVPN will periodically sample the compression process to measure its efficiency. If the data being sent over the tunnel is already compressed, the compression efficiency will be very low, triggering openvpn to disable compression for a period of time until the next re-sample test. Instead of a filename it can use the keyword stdin which will prompt the user for a password to use when OpenVPN is starting. To enable this mode, set IP to tunnel.In these cases you should ALWAYS make use of pw-file to password protect the management interface. Any user who can connect to this TCP IP:port will be able to manage and control (and interfere with) the OpenVPN process. It is also strongly recommended to set IP to 127.0.0.1 (localhost) to restrict accessibility of the management server to local clients. Once connected, type “help” for a list of commands.

Only query the management channel for inputs which ordinarily would have been queried from the console. It is always cached. This is useful when you wish to disconnect an OpenVPN session on user logoff.See management-notes.txt in OpenVPN distribution for detailed notes. See management-notes.txt in OpenVPN distribution for detailed notes. Multiple plugin modules may be loaded into one OpenVPN process.The module-pathname argument can be just a filename or a filename with a relative or absolute path. The format of the filename and path defines if the plug-in will be loaded from a default plug-in directory or outside this directory. The documentation is in doc and the actual plugin modules are in lib. The modules will be called by OpenVPN in the order that they are declared in the config file. If both a plugin and script are configured for the same callback, the script will be called last. In order to prevent this, labels MUST begin with “EXPORTER”. In server mode, OpenVPN will listen on a single port for incoming client connections. All client connections will be routed through a single tun or tap interface. This mode is designed for scalability and should be able to support hundreds or even thousands of clients on sufficiently fast hardware.The optional nogw flag (advanced) indicates that gateway information should not be pushed to the client. For example, on Linux this is done with the brctl tool, and with Windows XP it is done in the Network Connections Panel by selecting the ethernet and TAP adapters and right-clicking on “Bridge Connections”. The set of options which can be pushed is limited by both feasibility and security. Some options such as those which would execute scripts are banned, since they would effectively allow a compromised server to execute arbitrary code on the client.Don’t use this option to disable a client due to key or password compromise.